Premier Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment in The Villages, FL
State-of-the-art treatments for Peripheral Artery Disease, or PAD, is now available in The Villages. As board-certified cardiology and cardiovascular consultants, we serve local patients who have this serious condition. Fortunately, treatment by the top 1% of cardiologists in Florida can prevent the life-altering consequences of PAD, which include reduced circulation to the legs, heart attack and stroke, and amputations.
What Is Peripheral Heart Disease?
Also called arteriosclerosis, it is characterized by plaque within the arteries connecting the heart to the extremities. The narrowing and hardening of arteries constrict blood flow to the legs, feet, arms, and organs, such as the intestines and kidneys. Damage to body tissues and nerves can result, as well, but the condition can progress to arteries serving the heart and brain, too, heightening the risk of heart attack and stroke.
The disease affects many in The Villages, FL and in the U.S. In fact, of those over 50 with diabetes, 1 in 3 people are likely to have it (1 in 20 of all people over 50 are affected). Individuals with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and chronic kidney disease are also at risk. The cardiac and vascular effects have been attributed to as many as 160,000 amputations in the United States every year.
Causes and PAD Symptoms
Peripheral vascular disease is caused by calcium deposits on the inner walls of arteries. The hardened deposits make them less elastic, harder, and narrower. Aside from damaging tissues, nerves, and organs, the issue can ultimately lead to complete closure of an artery. Even before that, arteries may not dilate in response to a need for increased blood flow.
As a result, individuals in The Villages, FL, may experience vascular disease symptoms, such as fatigue during exercise, when increased blood flow is needed. Other PAD symptoms include:
- Leg pain
- Leg cramps
- Difficulty walking
- Numb legs and feet
- Thigh, calf, and foot pain
- Cold feeling in legs/feet
- Pale or blue appearance to toes and feet
- Thick, yellow toenails
- Slow-healing sores or wounds
- Hair loss on legs/feet
- Weak or absent pulse in affected limbs
Diagnosis and PAD Treatment in The Villages, FL
Doctors in The Villages can diagnose the cause of circulation problems through a physical exam, blood tests, and review of a patient’s medical history. A non-invasive test called an ankle-brachial index measures blood pressure to determine arterial elasticity. Doppler ultrasound, magnetic resonance angiography, and x-rays with dye are used as well.
Treatment options at our Lake Sumpter Landing office in The Villages include prescribing medication to prevent blood clots, lower cholesterol and blood pressure, and reduce pain in the legs. By opening the arteries, some medications can increase blood flow and prevent some of the complications of vascular disease.
Surgery may be performed on an artery in leg areas impacted, by replacing the affected segment with grafts. Cardiologists may also repair the artery lining or bypass it entirely. Other options include stents, balloon angioplasty, and laser treatments in The Villages, FL.
Peripheral Vascular Disease Can Be Prevented
Prevention begins with reducing the risk factors. It involves the following:
- Controlling weight, blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes
- Eating a healthy diet
- Quitting smoking
- Exercising regularly
- Attending doctor appointments
For more information about PAD, treatment options, and advice from The Villages, FL, cardiology and cardiovascular consultants, contact us at 352-633-1966.