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Venous Insufficiency Treatment in The Villages, FL

Venous reflux, or insufficiency, is a condition that affects blood circulation in the body. The veins transport blood from the limbs back to the heart. Valves throughout these blood vessels normally prevent blood from flowing backward. If they’re not working properly, blood can pool in the veins, particularly in the legs; common causes include blood clots and varicose veins.

Fortunately, Cardiac & Vascular Consultants offers a range of treatment options for patients in The Villages, FL. Our Lake Sumpter Landing location is equipped to treat a range of conditions and perform the most common vascular procedures.

Causes and Symptoms

Blood clots: A clot can cause blood to build up below it. This is called deep vein thrombosis, which most often happens in the thigh or lower leg; pain, an area of warmer skin, or pale/reddish/blue skin are signs of clotting. Causes include injury, obesity, catheterization, smoking, a family history, or long periods of seating.

Varicose veins: When veins become swollen, raised, and bluish-purple or red, it means they’re enlarged and overfilled. Failed valves are often the cause, and the blood is overcome by the force of gravity. Symptoms include pain, but there may be unusual bleeding with an unidentifiable cause.

Other causes include:

  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Pregnancy
  • Leg injuries
  • Muscle weakness
  • Venous swelling

The general symptoms to seek vascular disease treatment related to venous reflux include edema, or swelling, in the legs or ankles; cramps; or a feeling of aching, throbbing, or heaviness in the legs. Pain may worsen while standing and abate when the legs are raised, or you may feel weakness, itchiness, or a feeling of tightens in the calves. Leg ulcers are symptomatic as well.

Treatment Options

Vein treatment is important because symptoms can indicate problems with blood flow to other parts of the body. The severity of the symptoms and condition, the person’s age and tolerance to medication and intervention, as well as their overall health, help determine the proper course of action. Cardiovascular specialists at our Lake Sumpter Landing clinic will recommend the following treatments:

Improve blood flow

Compression stockings are often used to treat the issue, by applying pressure to the lower leg and ankle. They help reduce swelling and enhance blood flow. A cardiovascular doctor may also recommend keeping your legs elevated and uncrossed when seated, and regular exercise.


Diuretics may be prescribed to eliminate excess fluid. Other options include anticoagulants to thin out your blood or pentoxifylline to improve blood flow.


Outpatient varicose vein treatment may involve removing smaller vessels. In some cases, it’s possible to chemically disable small/medium veins. More serious cases require a cardiologist or surgeon specializing in vascular surgery to repair veins and valves, bypass a vein, fade or close it with a laser, or endoscopically tie it off. Also, veins may be heated and closed/sealed off using a catheter.

Cardiac & Vascular Consultants Can Help

Our state-of-the-art facilities at Lake Sumpter Landing and other locations in The Villages, FL, are equipped to treat venous insufficiency and other vascular problems. Board certified cardiologists are available to provide clinical testing and, when necessary, the latest in cardiovascular treatment for coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, cardiomyopathy, and congestive heart failure. For inquiries or to schedule an appointment, contact us online or call us at 352-606-4708.